Roxanne Qualls was first elected Mayor of Cincinnati in 1993. She served three terms until term limits forced her retirement in 1999. Ms. Qualls was the first popularly elected Mayor of Cincinnati. During her tenure, she focused on improving the city's neighborhoods through her Zero Tolerance Initiative: A Campaign to Take Back Our Neighborhoods, which targeted slum landlords, illegal dumping and trash through a series of administrative and legislative changes. Mayor Qualls founded the Cincinnati Homeownership Partnership, a federation of non-profit and private sector organizations to improve Cincinnati's historic low rate of home ownership. Prior to her election to City Council in 1991, Ms. Qualls served as the Director of the Cincinnati office of Ohio Citizen Action. Ms. Qualls began her career as the Director of the Northern Kentucky Rape Crisis Center and left that position to become Executive Director of Women Helping Women.